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St. Anthony Mary Claret was born in Catalonia, the northeastern corner of Spain, in a town called Sallent on December 23, 1807. He was the fifth son of Juan Claret and Josefa Clará's eleven children. His father owned a small textile factory, but was not rich. Anthony grew up in a Christian environment, and at a very early age had a strong sense of the eternal life that Christ wanted all men and women to enjoy. He wanted to spare sinners eternal unhappiness, and felt moved to work for their salvation. When he was about eleven years old, a bishop visited his school and asked him what he wanted to be when he grew up. Without hesitation he responded: "A priest."
As soon as Anthony was old enough, he began working as an apprentice weaver. When he turned 17, his father sent him to Barcelona to study the latest techniques in textile manufacturing and to work in the large textile mills. He did so well in the textile design school that he began receiving offers from large textile companies. Even though he had the talent to succeed, he turned down the offers and returned home after experiencing the emptiness of worldly achievements.
The words of the Gospel kept resounding in his heart: "what good is it for man to win the world if he loses his soul?" He began to study Latin to prepare to enter the Seminary. He wanted to be a Carthusian Monk. His father was ready to accept the will of God, but preferred to see him become a diocesan priest. Anthony decided to enter the local diocesan seminary in the city of Vic. He was 21 years old. After a year of studies, he decided to pursue his monastic vocation and left for a nearby monastery. On the way there, he was caught in a big storm. He realized that his health was not the best, and withdrew from his decision to go to the monastery. He was ordained a priest at 27 years of age and was assigned to his hometown parish. The town soon became too small for his missionary zeal, and the political situation -hostile to the Church- limited his apostolic activity. He decided to go to Rome to offer himself to serve in foreign missions. Things did not work out as expected, and he decided to join the Jesuits to pursue his missionary dream. While in the Jesuit Novitiate, he developed a strange illness, which led his superiors to think that God might have other plans for him. Once again, he had to return home to keep searching for God's will in his life.
"Apostolic Missionary" in Catalonia and Canary Islands
Back in a parish of Catalonia, Claret began preaching popular missions all over. He traveled on foot, attracting large crowds with his sermons. Some days he preached up to seven sermons in a day and spent 10 hours listening to confessions. He dedicated to Mary all his apostolic efforts. He felt forged as an apostle and sent to preach by Mary. The secret of his missionary success was LOVE. In his words: "Love is the most necessary of all virtues. Love in the person who preaches the word of God is like fire in a musket. If a person were to throw a bullet with his hands, he would hardly make a dent in anything; but if the person takes the same bullet and ignites some gunpowder behind it, it can kill. It is much the same with the word of God. If it is spoken by someone who is filled with the fire of charity- the fire of love of God and neighbor- it will work wonders." (Autobiography #438-439). His popularity spread; people sought him for spiritual and physical healing. By the end of 1842, the Pope gave him the title of "apostolic missionary." Aware of the power of the press, in 1847, he organized with other priests a Religious Press. Claret began writing books and pamphlets, making the message of God accessible to all social groups. The increasing political restlessness in Spain continued to endanger his life and curtail his apostolic activities. So, he accepted an offer to preach in the Canary Islands, where he spent 14 months. In spite of his great success there too, he decided to return to Spain to carry out one of his dreams: the organization of an order of missionaries to share in his work.
Founder and Archbishop of Cuba
On July 16, 1849, he gathered a group of priests who shared his dream. This is the beginning of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, today also known as Claretian Fathers and Brothers. Days later, he received a new assignment: he was named Archbishop of Santiago de Cuba. He was forced to leave the newly founded community to respond to the call of God in the New World. After two months of travel, he reached the Island of Cuba and began his episcopal ministry by dedicating it to Mary. He visited the church where the image of Our Lady of Charity, patroness of Cuba was venerated. Soon he realized the urgent need for human and Christian formation, specially among the poor. He called Antonia Paris to begin there the religious community they had agreed to found back in Spain. He was concerned for all aspects of human development and applied his great creativity to improve the conditions of the people under his pastoral care. Among his great initiatives were: trade or vocational schools for disadvantaged children and credit unions for the use of the poor. He wrote books about rural spirituality and agricultural methods, which he himself tested first. He visited jails and hospitals, defended the oppressed and denounced racism. The expected reaction came soon. He began to experience persecution, and finally when preaching in the city of Holguín, a man stabbed him on the cheek in an attempt to kill him. For Claret this was a great cause of joy. He writes in his Autobiography: "I can´t describe the pleasure, delight, and joy I felt in my soul on realizing that I had reached the long desired goal of shedding my blood for the love of Jesus and Mary and of sealing the truths of the gospel with the very blood of my veins." (Aut. # 577). During his 6 years in Cuba he visited the extensive Archdiocese three times...town by town. In the first years, records show, he confirmed 100,000 people and performed 9,000 sacramental marriages.
Confessor to the Queen of Spain
Claret was called back to Spain in 1857 to serve as confessor to the Queen of Spain, Isabella II. He had a natural dislike for aristocratic life. He loved poverty and the simplest lifestyle. He accepted in obedience, but requested to be allowed to continue some missionary work. Whenever he had to travel with the Queen, he used the opportunity to preach in different towns throughout Spain. In a time where the Queens and Kings chose the bishops for vacant dioceses, Claret played an important role in the selection of holy and dedicated bishops for Spain and its colonies. The eleven years he spent as confessor to the Queen of Spain were particularly painful, because the enemies of the Church directed toward him all kinds of slanders and personal ridicule. In 1868 a new revolution dethroned the Queen and sent her with her family into exile. Claret's life was also in danger, so he accompanied her to France. This gave him the opportunity to preach the Gospel in Paris. He stayed with them for a while, then went to Rome where he was received by Pope Pius IX in a private audience.
First Vatican Council
On December 8, 1869, seven hundred bishops from all over the world gathered in Rome for the First Vatican Council. Claret was one of the Council Fathers. His presence became noticeable when the subject of papal infallibility was discussed, which Claret defended vehemently. This teaching became a dogma of faith for all Catholics at this Council. The Italian revolution interrupted the process of the Council, which was never concluded. Claret's health deteriorated, so he returned to France accompanied by the Superior General of the Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, his congregation.
Last Days in Exile
In France, Claret joined his missionaries who were also in exile. Soon he found out, that there was a warrant for his arrest. He decided to go into hiding in a Cistercian Monastery in the French southern town of Fontfroide. There he died on October 24, 1870 at the age of 62. As his last request, he dictated to his missionaries the words that are to appear on his tombstone: "I have loved justice and hated iniquity; therefore I die in exile." His remains are venerated in Vic. Claret was beatified in 1934 and in 1950 canonized by Pope Pius XII.
Misa de S. Antonio Mª Claret
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Selected Letters of St Anthony Mary Claret
TRACES OF CLARET 2008
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|09/05/2008||Autobiography of Saint Antony Marie Claret||925 KB||Claret|
PRAYERS FOR THE INTERCESSION OF ST. ANTHONY MARY CLARET Founder and Model Lord, Our God, You who chose Saint Anthony Mary Claret To be Founder of our Family, And made him who, burning in love, Should suffer calumnies and torments; Grant us, courage, that We remain faithful to his teachings, Proclaim Your glory throughout the world, And seek always with Your help The salvation of all people. Through Jesus Christ, Our Lord. Amen. Faithful to His Spirit Lord, Our God, Who gave to Saint Anthony Mary Claret A burning and humble love for the Blessed Sacrament And the Immaculate Heart of Mary So that he would undertake in the Church of God Great wonders for Your glory And the salvation of souls: Obtain for us that, Burning in imitation of Him In the same holy love And continuing with the greatest effectiveness His evangelizing work, May we deserve to live and die in the Congregation As worthy Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Amen. To Continue His Work Lord, You who made Saint Anthony Mary Claret, our Father, A zealous Apostle for the glory of God and the salvation of men, Grant us the ardent love that burned in his heart So that we may continue with intensity and effectiveness His apostolic work. May yours sons multiply To spread the Kingdom of Jesus Christ So that in the moment of our death We may be worthy to be known as “faithful servants” of Christ and the Gospel. Amen.
The Claretian Family is made-up of a group of congregations and institutions which have Saint Anthony Mary Claret as their Founder, or who share his spirit, and together we continue the mission for which the Holy Spirit sustains it in the Church.
- “Missionaries Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary” (Claretian Missionaries), founded by Saint Anthony Mary Claret in Vic (Spain), in 1849. (www.claret.org )
- "Religious of Mary Immaculate Claretian Missionary Sisters”, founded by Saint Anthony Mary Claret and Mother Maria Antonia París in Cuba, n 1855. (http://www.claretianasrmi.org)
- Secular Institute “Cordimarian Filiation” founded by Saint Anthony Mary Claret in 1847, organized in Plasencia (Cáceres, Spain) in 1943 and approved as a Secular Institute of Pontifical Right in 1973.(email@example.com)
- "Lay Claretian Movement”, inspired by a project of Saint Anthony Mary Claret, in 1846, approved by the Pontifical Council for the Laity in 1988. (http://www.seglaresclaretianos.org)
- "Missionary Sisters of Mary Immaculate”, founded in 1909 by Rev. Fr. Armengol Coll, CMF, Apostolic Vicar of Equitorial Guinea, and Mother Imelda Makole.
- "Cordimarian Missionary Sisters", founded in México in 1921 by Fr. Julián Collell, CMF and Mother Carmen Serrano. (http://www.csj.edu.mx/Cordimarianas.aspx)
- “Missionary Sisters of the Claretian Institution”, founded in Vic (Spain) in 1951 by Fr. Luis Pujol, CMF and Mother Mary Dolores Solá. (www.claretianasmic.org)
- “Missionary Sisters of Saint Anthony Mary Claret”, founded in 1958 in Londrina (Paraná - Brazil) by Rev. Fr. Geraldo Fernandes, CMF, Archbishop of that city, and Mother Leonia Mílito. (http://www.missionariesamclaret.it)